Charting Historical Corrections and Bear Markets.

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We will continuously update this page over the coming weeks, months, and years with historical and future stock market corrections and bear markets. If you have any comments on the chart annotations write to us on Twitter and share your thoughts!

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This blog post currently covers all market corrections and bear markets since 1980.
We plan on working our way back to 1928 and continue adding to this page. 🙂

February 1980

Peak Date: February 13, 1980
Absolute Low Date: March 27, 1980
Percent Loss (approx.): 17%
Number of Days (includes weekends): 43
Type: Correction
News: Talks of a recession

charting historical corrections

November 1980 – August 1982

Peak Date: November 28, 1980
Absolute Low Date: August 12, 1982
Percent Loss (approx): 27%
Number of Days (includes weekends): 622
Type: Bear
News: Recession

October 1983 – July 1984

Peak Date: October 28, 1983
Absolute Low Date: July 24, 1984
Percent Loss (approx): 14%
Number of Days (includes weekends): 288
Type: Correction
News: Heightened hostilities in the Persian Gulf, fear of higher interest rates, a five-year bull market without a significant correction, and the introduction of computerized trading have all been named as potential causes of the crash.

August 1987

Peak Date: August 25, 1987
Absolute Low Date: December 4, 1987
Percent Loss (approx): 34%
Number of Days (includes weekends): 101
Type: Bear
News: It is speculated that the roots of the crash lay in a series of monetary and foreign trade agreements– the Plaza Accord and the Louvre Accord–that depreciated the U.S. dollar in order to adjust trade deficits and then attempted to stabilize the dollar at its new lower value.

January 1990

Peak Date: January 2, 1990
Absolute Low Date: January 30, 1990
Percent Loss (approx.): 10%
Number of Days (includes weekends): 28
Type: Correction
News: N/A

July 1990

Peak Date: July 16, 1990
Absolute Low Date: October 11, 1990
Percent Loss (approx.): 19%
Number of Days (includes weekends): 87
Type: Correction
News: Japanese Asset Price Bubble

October 1997

Peak Date: October 7, 1997
Absolute Low Date: October 27, 1997
Percent Loss (approx): 10%
Number of Days (includes weekends): 20
Type: Correction
News: Caused by an economic crisis in Asia, the “Asian contagion,” or Tom Yum Goong crisis

July 1998

Peak Date: July 17, 1998
Absolute Low Date: October 14, 1997
Percent Loss (approx): 20%
Number of Days (includes weekends): >65
Type: Bear
News: N/A

July 1999

Peak Date: July 16, 1999
Absolute Low Date: October 15, 1999
Percent Loss (approx.): 12%
Number of Days (includes weekends): 91
Type: Correction
News: Rising wholesale inflation, hawkish Greenspan warning trigger broad sell-off

March 2000 – 2003

Peak Date: March 24, 2000
Absolute Low Date: October 9, 2002
Percent Loss (approx.): 50%
Number of Days (includes weekends): >1000
Type: Bear
News: Collapse of a technology bubble.

October 2007 – March 2009

Peak Date: October 9, 2007
Absolute Low Date: March 9, 2009
Percent Loss (approx.): 57%
Number of Days (includes weekends): 517
Type: Bear
News: Failures of large financial institutions in the United States

April 2010

Peak Date: April 23, 2010
Absolute Low Date: July 2, 2010
Percent Loss (approx.): 16%
Number of Days (includes weekends): 70
Type: Correction
News: SEC and CFTC indicated that a single trading house attempted to sell $4.5 billion worth of S&P 500 futures

April 2011

Peak Date: April 29, 2011
Absolute Low Date: October 3, 2011
Percent Loss (approx): 19%
Number of Days (includes weekends): 157
Type: Correction
News: Friday night credit rating downgrade by Standard and Poor’s of the United States sovereign debt from AAA, or “risk free”, to AA+

May 2015

Peak Date: May 21, 2015
Absolute Low Date: February 11, 2016
Percent Loss (approx): 12% and 13%
Number of Days (includes weekends): 196
Type: Correction
News: Slowing growth in the GDP of China

January 2018

Peak Date: January 26, 2018
Absolute Low Date: February 8, 2018
Percent Loss (approx): 10%
Number of Days (includes weekends): 13
Type: Correction
News: N/A

September 2018

Peak Date: September 2018
Absolute Low Date: December 24, 2018
Percent Loss (approx): 19.8%
Number of Days (includes weekends): 95
Type: Correction
News: Tariff Uncertainty

February 2020

Peak Date: February 19, 2020
Absolute Low Date: TBD
Percent Loss (approx.): TBD
Number of Days (includes weekends): >30
Type: Bear
News: COVID-19

To Be Continued.